Sunday, May 09, 2021

Architects

10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know – Part 2

10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2

Architecture is one of the most long-lasting forms of expression that humanity has witnessed since the start of evolution. Right from the caves during early times to the Pyramids of Giza in Egypt to the modern-day glass skyscrapers seen in almost all cities, architecture has been growing continuously over all these years. The needs of people changed, which led to the innovation of new materials and new styles of architecture that were unique from the earlier ones. Each architect has tried to make an impact on society and create their own sole identity in the world. Many such architects have inspired not only architecture students or other architects but also ordinary people, who are in fear of their designs. So, Here is a list of some of the world-famous architects of all time that have continued to inspire generation after generation of people. 

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10 Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know – Part 1

Before Starting this Article Please read: 10 Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know – Part 1

1. Zaha Hadid – One of the world-famous Architects

Dame Zaha Mohammad Hadid (31 October 1950 – 31 March 2016) was an Iraqi-British architect who was famously known as the ‘Queen of the Curve’ for her excellent designs. Zaha Hadid was also the first gentlewoman ever to acquire a Pritzker Award in 2004 as well as the Royal Gold Medal from RIBA in 2016. Her extraordinary achievements were all the more remarkable because she was working in an industry that was mostly controlled by men. Her deeply futuristic architecture was defined by curving facades, sharp angles, and usage of materials like concrete and metal. 

  • Some of her famous works include:
    • Guangzhou Opera House, China, 2010
    • The Riverside Museum, Glasgow, 2011
    • London Aquatics Center, London, 2011
    • Heydar Aliyev Centre, Azerbaijan, 2012
    • Galaxy Soho, Beijing, 2012
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
Portrait of Zaha Hadid, the first woman Famous Architects to win the Pritzker Prize © al-fanarmedia.org

Also read Related Article: Zaha Hadid & her Architecture philosophies

10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
Heydar Aliyev Centre in Azerbaijan (2012) © zaha-hadid.com

Also Read related case study of Heyder Aliyev center: Heydar Aliyev Center case study / Zaha Hadid Architects

2. Buckminster Fuller

Richard Buckminster Fuller (12 July 1895 – 01 July 1983) was a 20th-century designer, architect, and visionary. He did not confine himself to one area but served as a ‘comprehensive anticipatory design scientist’ to determine global problems. He developed several new inventions in architectural designs, notably the famous Geodesic Dome. Buckminster Fuller used the expression ‘Spaceship Earth’ to express the necessity for mankind to use teamwork to fully utilize Earth’s resources. 

  • Some of his famous works include:
    • Dymaxion House, Michigan, 1927
    • The Dymaxion Car, 1933
    • Geodesic Dome, Montreal, 1954
    • Buckminster Fuller’s Residence – Geodesic Dome, Illinois, 1960
    • Fly’s Eye Dome, 1965
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
Buckminster Fuller with a model of his famous ‘Geodesic Dome’ © archdaily.com
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
Buckminster Fuller’s Montreal Biosphere (1954) © azuremagazine.com

3. Renzo Piano – One of the world-famous Architects

Renzo Piano (14 September 1937 – Present) is an Italian architect, famous for his high-tech public Structures. His interest in technology and modern answers to design problems was revealed in all his designs. He is an optimist, confident in the ability of structures to represent good condition systems and enhance the lives of the people around them. Renzo Piano gives attention to the details and maximizes the value of natural light to preserve a sense of delicateness in his huge structures.

  • Some of his famous works include:
    • The Centre Pompidou, Paris, 1977
    • The Menil Collection, Texas, 1986
    • The New York Times Building, Manhattan, 2004
    • Zentrum Paul Klee Museum, Switzerland, 2005
    • The Shard, London, 2009
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
Famous Architects Renzo Piano, known for his high-tech designs © wikipedia.com
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
Centre Pompidou, Paris (1977) © lonelyplanet.com

4. I.M. Pei

Ieoh Ming Pei (26 April 1917 – 16 May 2019) was a Chinese American architect recognized for his large, elegantly designed urban buildings. His ideas frequently represent an elaboration on the rectangular designs along with unique forms of the International Style. Pei used a skilled arrangement of different geometric patterns contrasting materials and surfaces.

  • Some of his famous works include:
    • Le Grand Louvre, Paris, 1989
    • Bank of China Tower, Hong Kong, 1990
    • Rock-Hall of Fame, Cleveland, 1995
    • Museum of Islamic Art, Qatar, 2008
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
Portrait of the Chinese American architect I.M. Pei © archdaily.com
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
The famous Louvre Museum designed by I.M. Pei in Paris © chinadaily.com.cn

5. Jean Nouvel

Jean Nouvel (12 August 1945 – Present) is a French architect who tries to design each of his projects without any preconceived notions. His projects typically show a delicate play of light and shadow along with a harmonious equilibrium with its surroundings. He is also a laureate of the prestigious Pritzker Prize in 2008 for his bold and innovative designs that resist a general characterization.

  • Some of his famous works include:
    • Torre Agbar, Barcelona, 2004
    • Arab World Institute, Paris, 1987
    • 100 Eleventh Avenue, New York, 2010
    • Philharmonie de Paris, France, 2015
    • The Louvre, Abu Dhabi, 2017
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
French architect Jean Nouvel © scalemag.online
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
Interior View of The Louvre, Abu Dhabi (2017) © thenationalnews.com

6. Rem Koolhaas – One of the world-famous Architects

Rem Lucas Koolhaas (17 November 1944 – Present) is a Dutch architect who is connected to the ‘Godfather of Contemporary Architecture’. He is known to have designed beautiful structures that usually oppose gravity. Koolhaas designed a structure that best used modern technology and materials and did not found constant attention for his projects. It is well said that his structures, like his books, are manifestos. 

Also Read: 15 Famous works of Architect Rem Koolhaas you must visit

  • Some of his famous works include:
    • Seattle Central Library, Washington, 2004
    • Casa da Musica, Portugal, 2005
    • One Madison, New York, 2010
    • CCTV Headquarters, Beijing, 2012
    • Galleria in Gwanggyo, South Korea, 2020 
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
Famous Architects Rem Koolhaas sitting in his OMA office © financialtimes.com
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
Seattle Central Library designed by Rem Koolhaas (2004) © historylink.org

7. Sir Norman Foster – World famous Architects

Norman Robert Foster (01 June 1935 – Present) is an English architect appreciated for his innovative architectural designs all around the globe. His modern designs are habitually made in steel and glass with innovations in contouring and interior space management. According to Foster, “Architecture is a balancing act of mixing and anyhow responding to all the requirements of a project: Material and measurable; as well as the religious and uncertain, the subjective; it is anyhow about getting all those power judgments”. 

Also Read: Groundscrapers: The long building architecture

  • Some of his famous works include:
    • Queen Elizabeth II Great Court, London, 2000
    • City Hall, London, 2002
    • The Gherkin (30 St Mary Axe), London, 2003
    • Hearst Tower, New York, 2006
    • Apple Park, US, 2017
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
Sir Norman Foster in his office © archinect.com
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
Aerial view of the Apple Park in California © phonearea.com

8. Tadao Ando

Tadao Ando (13 September 1941 – Present) is a Japanese self-taught architect who is extremely appreciated for his unique work with materials like concrete with sensitive handling of natural light and interaction with nature. His version of modernism echoes traditional Japanese architecture concepts and hence is referred to as ‘Critical Regionalist’. One of the unique features of his designs is the wall smoothness, which he achieves by finishing the formwork before pouring the materials. 

  • Some of his famous works include:
    • Chapel on the Water, Japan, 1988
    • Church of Light, Japan, 1989
    • Osaka Culturarium at Tempozan, Japan, 1994
    • 4×4 House, Japan, 2003
    • Chichu Art Museum, Japan, 2004
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
Portrait of Japanese Famous architects Tadao Ando © kansai-resilience-forum.jp
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
Interior view of the Church of Light in Japan (1989) © nytimes.com

9. Frank Gehry

Frank Owen Gehry (28 February 1929 – Present) is a Canadian-born American architect who is recognized for his use of bold, postmodern forms and unique fabrications. His selection of materials such as corrugated metal grants some of Gehry’s designs an incomplete or even crude aesthetic. Gehry sees the world as a conflict of ideas expressed through buildings, music, and art that is not well expressed through the simplicity of neat, clean squares of Modernism.

  • Some of his famous works include:
    • Olympic Fish Pavilion, Barcelona, 1992
    • Dancing House, Prague, 1996
    • Guggenheim Bilbao, Spain, 1997
    • NeuerZollhof, Germany, 1999
    • Walt Disney Concert Hall, Los Angeles, 2003
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
Frank Gehry with his projects’ models © smithsonianmag.com
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
The Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles (2003) © architectmagazine.com

10. B.V. Doshi

Balkrishna Vithaldas Doshi (26 August 1927 – Present) is an Indian architect and an explorer of modernist and brutalist architecture in India. He is also the first Indian architect to win the Pritzker Prize in 2018. Keeping in mind India’s traditions, lifestyle, and environment, he designed structures that gave shelter from the harsh weather conditions and given spaces for gatherings. Doshi also worked with famous architects like Le Corbusier and Louis Kahn. Doshi formed an approach that swings between industrialism and primitivism, between modern architecture and traditional form. 

  • Some of his famous works include:
    • Aranya Low-Cost Housing, Indore, 1982
    • Amdavad Ni Gufa, Ahmedabad, 1994
    • School of Architecture, CEPT, Ahmedabad, 1966
    • Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore, 1992
    • LIC Housing, Ahmedabad, 1973
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
Portrait of Indian architect B.V. Doshi © newyorker.com
10 World Famous Architects every Architecture Student must know - Part 2
Amdavad Ni Gufa, a famous project designed by architect B.V. Doshi © architectmagazine.com

References:

  •    https://www.bfi.org/about-fuller
  •    https://www.architecturaldigest.com/zaha-hadid-architecture-buildings
  •    https://www.britannica.com/biography/Renzo-Piano
  •    https://www.pritzkerprize.com/biography-im-pei
  •    https://www.pritzkerprize.com/biography-jean-nouvel
  •    https://www.archdaily.com/449282/happy-birthday-rem-koolhaas-2
  •    https://www.biography.com/artist/norman-foster
  •    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tadao_Ando
  •    https://www.architecturaldigest.com/gallery/best-of-frank-gehry-slideshow
  •    https://www.archdaily.com/890128/who-is-balkrishna-bv-doshi-12-things-to-know-about-the-2018-pritzker-laureate

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