Saturday, March 06, 2021

Case Studies, Innovative Designs

3D Printed Houses: “The Future Of Human Shelter”

3d Printed Houses: “The Future Of Human Shelter”

3D printing is making its mark everywhere. Especially in the medical, automotive, aerospace industries, art pieces, and more complex projects. The potential of 3D printing – also known as additive production– can be transformative. But, houses? What are 3D printed Houses? Can It be The future of Human shelter?

3D Printed Houses Construction

Its construction is a complex, additive installation process. It is capable of manufacturing complex structures and components without formwork employing a layer-by-layer material deposition approach. The method is a combined element of architectural, design, mechanical, civil, and software engineering to print full-scale structures and elements.

3D Printed Houses: "The Future Of Human Shelter"
First commercial project based on 3D-concrete printing (Source: google)
3D Printed Houses: "The Future Of Human Shelter"
Curve Appeal; house made of printed plastic, carbon-fiber panels, and glazed walls
(Source: google)

Also Read: 5 Representations of Technology in the World of Architecture

Common Methods Of 3D Printing:

Three of the foremost common methods of 3D-printed construction are:

  1. contour crafting: A wet extrusion method that uses two tools to shape the highest end side of the fabric layers as they’re extruded;
  2. concrete printing: A wet extrusion method wont to print both the edge and infill of structures without including trowels for surface finishing;
  3. Powder bed fusion: A dry method that uses a binder, laser, or beam to fuse powdered material together.

These systems are typically expected to either print the structure itself or to print forms and formwork afterward filled with plain concrete.  While still within the early stages of research and development, 3D-printed construction has the potential to become a disruptive technology.

It can outperform conventional construction by reducing material utilization, enabling greater structural complexity, shortening construction duration, decreasing labor demand, simplifying construction logistics, improving sustainability, and lowering costs.

3D Printed Houses: "The Future Of Human Shelter"
Social housing in Nantes (Source: google)

3D printed houses aren’t necessarily cheap to construct. This year, Branch Technology has developed a prototype of a 1,000 sqft 3D-printed home that is priced at around £230,000. Given the average UK, the property is £242,000, it might be no solution.

The production variant of the printing machine will be capable to print a single story, that is, 600-800 sqft in within 24 hours, which costs far more than £3,000. In Addition, The printer weighs around 2,000 pounds and is portable. It can withstand rough weather conditions.

Now, let us enlighten ourselves with the thoughtful examples:

Examples of 3d Printed Houses: “The Future Of Human Shelter”

Also Read: What is 3D printing technology? How it is used in Architecture?

1. “Office Of The Future” in Dubai, UAE

According to Guinness World Records, the so-called “Office of the Future” is the very first 3D printed commercial building.

3D Printed Houses: "The Future Of Human Shelter"
The “Office of the Future” houses the operational headquarters of the Dubai Futures Foundation (Source: living spaces)

Designed for UAE National Committee by the architectural firm Gensler. This 3D printed office may be a fully-functional building featuring electricity, water, telecommunications, and even air-conditioning systems.

Winsun the Chinese company, 3D printed the structure in the factory in Shanghai, and those parts were further shipped to Dubai.  

However, the project pretends to have decrease labor costs by 50 to 80 % and construction material waste by 30 to 60 %. It took only 17 days to print the entire structure and extra 2 days to join the printed pieces on site.

This building is the main outlook for further development of 3D Printing construction in Dubai.

3D Printed Houses: "The Future Of Human Shelter"
Plan of the office
Factors incorporated inside the office for the comfort of the people
3D Printed Houses: "The Future Of Human Shelter"
Sectional view

2. This 3d-Printed House in Italy Might Be The Future Of Design

Italian architect Mario Cucinella has designed a fantastic 3D-printed house called the TECLA.

3D Printed Houses: "The Future Of Human Shelter"
Social housing in Italy: The Future Of Human Shelter (Source: Mario Cucinella Architects)

Made entirely from clay, the structure is ejected from a state-of-the-art 3D printer called the Crane WASP, the structure is praised as the future of sustainable design. In Conclusion, It looks like an igloo-shaped mud hut that has a windowless interior. It has a skylight to help light penetrate into the windowless structure.

Social housing in Italy (Source: Mario Cucinella Architects)

Meanwhile, Cucinella created these podlike dwellings to solve the increasing issues of overpopulation, shortages of affordable housing, and degradation of the natural environment. Hence, the utilization of clay, a reusable, biodegradable material with minimal environmental impact.

It’s possible it’ll function as a model for sustainable architecture that aims to enhance the health and wellbeing of local communities, also as provide the framework for an adaptable, eco-friendly building method that will be universally accepted.

Also Read: The Best Designing Software That Every Architect Must Use

3. This 3d-Printed Mini Castle, Minnesota, USA;

Andrey Rudenko made this mini-castle with the 3D concrete house printer developed by him. Rudenko’s 3D printing system is capable of printing layers of concrete 10 mm high by 30 mm wide.

Andrey Rudenko’s built the concrete castle in his own back yard (Source: google)

This relatively small layer height enables exceptional details, especially when it involves concrete 3D printing. The fine details are the main factor that gives this 3D printed castle an incredibly smooth and curvy appearance. In conclusion, This castle construction by Rudenko enabled him to improve his machine for more exciting projects using a 3D printer.

Andrey Rudenko’s concrete castle (Source:stuff)

Now, Rudenko uses the printer for other projects also.

  • What: 15-square-meter miniature castle
  • When: 2014
  • Who: Andrey Rudenko

4. Lewis Grand Hotel Extension, North Of Manila, Philippines

3D printed area was developed by Lewis Yakich, the hotel owner who is also a cloth science engineer, with the assistance of Andrey Rudenko

Lewis Grand Hotel Extension, North Of Manila, Philippines (Source: inhabitant)

The Lewis Grand Hotel in the Philippines is built using traditional techniques, it’s last expansion includes 3D printed bedrooms, living rooms, and a jacuzzi room.

The 130sqm extension took over 100 hours to 3D print. Yakich printed the hotel section with a mixture of sand with volcanic ash, leading to stronger walls and improved bonding between layers. However, he claimed that the project saved him 60% on building costs.

 Lewis Grand Hotel Extension, North Of Manila, Philippines (Source: inhabitant)
  • What: 130-square-meter hotel extension
  • When: 2015
  • Who: Lewis Yakich

5. Curve Appeal: house made of printed plastic, carbon-fiber panels, and glazed walls

Curve Appeal: The Future Of Human Shelter (Source: google)

6. Social housing in Nantes

Social housing in Nantes (Source: google)
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