Sunday, May 09, 2021

Architects

ANTONI GAUDI – Catalan Essentric or A creative Genius of 20th Century?

Antoni Gaudi

Some architects love to push their boundaries, designing or creating something too whimsical for architecture. Fantastic, shape-shifting structure drawn from a variety of inspirations. However, Antoni Gaudí’s works are molded from geometry and nature forms. Antoni Gaudi, Catalan in full Antoni Gaudí I Cornet, was a Catalan Spanish Architect who was at the peak of his career in the late 19th and the early 20th centuries.

ANTONI GAUDI - CATALAN ECCENTRIC OR A CREATIVE GENIUS OF THE 20TH CENTURY?
Image of Architect Antoni Gaudi

ANTONI GAUDÍ AND MODERNISM

Because of his highly Catholic beliefs and background, religion was certainly an important part of his designs. He did not draw detailed plans and drawings of his buildings. For instance, he preferred to create 3D scale models. Initially, Gaudí was inspired by oriental arts from India, Persia, and Japan. Moreover, the ideas of French architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc also influenced him. Therefore, he designed most of his buildings in the Neo-Gothic style. As a result of these influences, Antoni Gaudí became part of the Modernista movement. In other words, the Modernista movement is an organic style that is an inspiration for natural forms.

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Antoni Gaudi WORKS

Gaudí is usually considered the God’s Architect of Catalan Modernism because his works go beyond his own style and classification. He was known because of his highly individualized style. Firstly, his early projects were lampposts that he designed for the Placa Reial in Barcelona, the Girossi newsstands, and the Co-operative Obrera Mataronense building. Showcasing his works in the Paris World’s Fair of 1878, Catalan industrialist Eusebi Güell noted Antoni Gaudí. Further, Eusebi Güell commissioned most of his work. After that, his career progressed into many landmark projects.

Also Read: 15 Famous works of Architect Rem Koolhaas you must visit

FAMOUS PROJECTS

1. Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família (Basilica and Expiatory Church of the Holy Family, or Sagrada Família) – 1883

Also read related article: Sagrada Familia – An Unfinished masterpiece of Antoni Gaudi

Sagrada Familia is linked to a number of influences mainly Spanish Late Gothic, Catalan Modernism, or Art Nouveau, The church receives various splitting opinions from the residents of Barcelona because of its highly visionary architecture. However, this still incomplete building is Antoni Gaudí’s masterpiece. The construction began in 1882 and in 1883 Gaudí became the principal architect completely changing the initial design and plans for the building and crafted it into his own distinctive style combining Gothic and curvilinear Art Nouveau forms. Above all, until he died in 1926, he devoted himself deeply to this project.

Sagrada Familia

Meanwhile, in 1900, Antoni Gaudí was honored with the award for the Best Building of the Year from the Barcelona City Council for Casa Calvet. After his earliest influences from Oriental and Neo-Gothic architecture, he embarked on a more distinct individual phase of searching for a way to give his own expressions to forms in architecture.

Also Read: 5 Controversial Buildings in the History of Architecture

2. The Palau Güell (Güell Palace) – 1886-1888

Designed for the industrialist Eusebi Güell, the Palau Güell is one of Antoni Gaudi’s earliest projects. It is called a palace because of its mansion-like appearance.

Palau Güell

3. The Park Güell – 1900-1914

Besides architecture, Antoni Gaudí also worked on the landscape as well as urban design projects. The Park Güell is a public park system that is composed of gardens located on Carmel Hill in Barcelona. He tried to place his buildings integrating them with the surrounding urban fabric. The park construction began in 1900 and completed in 1914. Above all, It officially opened as a public park in 1926.

ANTONI GAUDI - CATALAN ECCENTRIC OR A CREATIVE GENIUS OF THE 20TH CENTURY?
Park Guell

Gaudí received a major of his projects from Eusebi Güell because they shared a common liking for Catholicism and the Catholic faith.

4. The Casa Batlló (Batlló house) – 1904-1906

A remodel of the previous house built in 1877, Gaudí redesigned the house in 1904. The local name for the building is Casa dels ossos (House of Bones), because it has a visceral, skeletal organic look. Mainly identifiable as part of the Modernisme and the Art Nouveau styles and looks very remarkable statement to Gaudí’s design style.

ANTONI GAUDI - CATALAN ECCENTRIC OR A CREATIVE GENIUS OF THE 20TH CENTURY?
Casa Batllo

5. The Casa Milà (Milá house) – 1905-1910

The house is locally known as La Pedrera because of the rough-hewn undulating curved façade. Meanwhile, the building is a combination of ruled geometry and naturalistic elements.

ANTONI GAUDI - CATALAN ECCENTRIC OR A CREATIVE GENIUS OF THE 20TH CENTURY?
Casa Milà

The Casa Batlló and the Casa Milà are considered to be the two most emblematic works of his entire profession.

Also Read: Top 5 Examples of Sustainability in modern architecture forms in the world

OTHER WORKS of Antoni Gaudi

Not only with a keen eye for architecture, but Antoni Gaudí also mastered other forms of craft and workmanship like sculpture, carpentry, wrought ironwork, stained glass, ceramics, plaster modeling, etc. A combination of wrought ironwork along with reinforced concrete construction is common in most of his buildings. Because of this unique juxtaposition, he was able to achieve harmonious and well-proportioned designs.

ANTONI GAUDI - CATALAN ECCENTRIC OR A CREATIVE GENIUS OF THE 20TH CENTURY?
Wroughtironwork

WORLD HERITAGE

Certainly his architectural style still receives mixed opinions and criticism. Further, several of Gaudí’s works have the World Heritage Status by UNESCO because of his exceptional and creative contribution in the field of architecture and building construction.

Firstly, In 1984 – the Park Güell, the Palau Güell and the Casa Milá.

Secondly, In 2005 – the Nativity façade, the crypt and the apse of the Sagrada Familia, the Casa Vicens, and the Casa Batlló.

Antoni Gaudi LEGACY

In conclusion, Gaudí managed to attract unpopularity amongst professionals in the field even after his death. His architectural style is caught in a huge limbo amongst people because it was very much regarded as excessively imaginative.

On the other hand, it was only in the 1950s that his work started gaining admiration because of Salvador Dalí and Josep Lluís Sert. Likewise in 1952, which is the centenary year of the architect’s birth, the Friends of Gaudí Association was founded. He has influenced some of the notable contemporary architects like Santiago Calatrava and Norman Foster. Moreover, he has received major international appreciation because of tourists visiting his UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Most importantly since 2012, each year on June 10, World Art Nouveau Day is celebrated. It is because it was the day that Antoni Gaudi died. The day is celebrated in order to remember him and also his contribution to architecture.

Works Cited

  • Antoni Gaudi. (n.d.). Retrieved from Architectural Digest: https://www.architecturaldigest.com/topic/antoni-gaudi
  • Antoni Gaudí. (n.d.). Retrieved from the Guardian: https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/antoni-gaudi
  • Antoni Gaudí. (2021, February 5). Retrieved from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antoni_Gaud%C3%AD#Neo-Gothic_period
  • Casa Batlló. (2020, December 26). Retrieved from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casa_Batll%C3%B3#Design after that
  • Casa Milà. (2021, January 21). Retrieved from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casa_Mil%C3%A0#Design
  • Collins, G. R. (2020, December 17). Antoni Gaudí. Retrieved from Britannica: https://www.britannica.com/biography/Antoni-Gaudi after that
  • Palau Güell. (2021, February 11). Retrieved from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palau_G%C3%BCell
  • Park Güell. (2020, November 26). Retrieved from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Park_G%C3%BCell
  • Press, O. U. (2021, March 13). Antoni Gaudí I Cornet. Retrieved from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/people/literature-and-arts/architecture-biographies/antoni-gaudi after that
  • Sagrada Família. (2021, February 12). Retrieved from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sagrada_Fam%C3%ADlia#Design
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