A few animals are more intelligent and more insightful designers than people. Don’t believe it? Listen to us! From making the strongest spider webs to making the simplest bird nests, these animals, bugs, and bird species are conceived, architects! Imagine not doing a five-year architecture course and still building extraordinarily. Damn, they’re lucky but so are we because we now have plenty of inspiration and understanding. That we can apply to our buildings that can enhance sustainability.
What is Biomimicry? On the off chance that we separate the word Biomimicry into ‘Bio’ and ‘Mimicry’, one can deduce that it implies imitating the science I.e. impersonation of science or nature. In short, Buildings inspired by Animals. What’s the significance here and how could it be identified with design?
Architects are now understanding that the most beautiful, intricate, smart, and clever “design” is present in nature itself. From using natural and locally available materials to emphasizing the fact that natural ventilation is a better solution than air conditioning. Hence, there is a lot to learn and adapt.
From the human body cells to the natural compounds, all organisms and their anatomy are an inspiration. This inspiration can be created into art and architecture. The ecosystem has abundant creativity which can be turned into smart materials and smart architecture. Hence, Designers are now even taking inspiration from flora and fauna and even their habitats.
Here are a few incredible species that make their own homes rather astonishingly and Buildings inspired by Animals.
The terrific termites!
House: Termite mounds; The Self-ventilating spaces with specialized chambers.
At the point when not discovered covered over the wooden furniture in our homes, termites are caught up with planning everlastingly developing urban communities in the timberlands. Despite the fact that these constructions appear to be strong from an external perspective, the “dividers” are permeable which permits the air to stream in and out. The top part of the hill comprises of a smokestack where the warm air blends in with the outside air that streams in by means of passages and chambers; after that which the virus air sinks forestalling the overheating of the design and keeping up the temperature control.
Meanwhile, Comprised of soil, salivation, and compost, the hills comprise of a few chambers committed to putting away loads of food, a regal chamber for the lord and sovereign, and even a parasitic nursery where they develop their food! The lower segment of the hill has an opening for entering and leaving and the construction stretches out up to 6 feet underground which is the coolest piece of the design.
Buildings inspired by Animals (termite mound):
Eastgate Centre in Harare, Zimbabwe- Buildings inspired by Animals
Zimbabwean architect Mick Pearce was given the challenge to design the largest retail office in the country without the hassle and budget of air conditioning! Inspired by the skyscraper-like termite mounds, Similarly, he created a marvel that achieved 90% passive climate control. He used brick and concrete slabs with a high thermal mass. This high thermal mass absorbs maximum heat, without heating the interior of the structure. Moreover, Inside the building, low power fans pull in cool air from outside and distribute it throughout the buildings, which are absorbed by the concrete slabs insulating the structure and chilling the air inside. During the day, the warm air rises upwards and outside through the chimney. That maintains the temperature inside the building.
The brainy bees!
House: Beehives; A Hexagonal structure that can achieve maximum surface area.
Ever wondered why the beehives are hexagonal? This is on the grounds that the hexagon takes the base measure of wax to fabricate and delivers the most extreme measure of territory to store wax. The way that worker bees construct their homes is quite marvelous too. The bees start constructing the hive from two-three different directions, each weaving a honeycomb at the same time but in different places and eventually meet in the middle and combine the junction points on the comb. The combs hang down vertically and the cells like storage cell, worker cell, and queen cell and spread out horizontally.
Structure inspired by a beehive:
Apartment block, Bahamas.
The architect of this eight-story residential square BIG architects. Moreover, this is the tallest building in Albany. Inspired by the hexagonal shape of the honeycomb, the structure incorporates that not only in its aesthetics but also in functionality. Facing the south, the hexagonal exterior facade and framed balconies enable each apartment to have its sunken pool and creates a breath-taking view of the marina. Moreover, these hexagonal patterns of the exterior continue down to the pavements and are reflected in the outdoor seating, landscape, and outdoor pool.
Read Also: 9 Crazy looking Office Buildings in India
The splendid sparrows!
House: Nests; Simple and minimalistic.
Sparrows make the maximum use of the space and materials available to them. Be it your streetlights or kitchen rooftops, they create a home, made out of twigs, dried vegetation, and grass that is steady enough to support its eggs and chicks. For the lining of the nest, sparrows often use feathers and even paper! They make the most of the materials around them, something that architects can take inspiration from! Sometimes sparrows even build nests next to each other so that they can share a common wall.
Structure inspired by a nest:
Beijing Olympic Stadium, China
Interestingly the Beijing Olympic Stadium is also called the “Bird’s nest” because of its strikingly similar appearance to a bird’s nest. Just like the sparrow uses twigs, Similarly, the architect Herzog & de Meuron used an amalgamation of beams and other structural elements to create the essence of the artificial forest. With the sports arena in the center and a thicket of supporting elements and numerous staircases on the outside, the combination is sustainable and aesthetically appealing. Hence, that makes the roof weatherproof similar to how birds stuff the open spaces of their nests with soft fillers.
While these are just a few examples of buildings that are creatively and functionally inspired by the houses that animals built. There many more on the list. So, what is your next design going to be like?