The largest museum of India and the architect of it was Gurgaryear Committee. The National Museum in New Delhi has been connected to all the Mother City by 4 Major roads from all directions. It was the first planned museum at the national level. it has 4 stories with the basement. Basic Plan of the Building Is Fan Shape with circular courtyard in between Surrounded by a Covered veranda. In addition, Wings are linking with the Courtyard according to different Requirements and Needs.
Objectives of National Museum in New Delhi
To collect art objects of historical, cultural, and artistic significance for the purpose to display, protecting, preservation and interpreting and to serve as a cultural center for the enjoyment and interaction of the people in artistic and cultural activity.
Zoning of the National Museum in New Delhi – Largest Museum of India is horizontal as well as vertical. Administration and other staff-related spaces and services like H.V.A.C, electrical, and others are in the basement. Exhibitions are at the upper level. The zoning of the National Museum at horizontal is open, transition, and exhibition spaces.
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Museum has loosed circulation. The visitor enters in exhibition area form gallery left-hand side of the token counter, all exhibition hall is connected with each other with a center circulation court 6m wide, exhibition area of different floors are connected with stairs and lifts and toilet is provided on the staircase.
About floor plans of National Museum in New Delhi – Largest Museum of India
Exhibition halls are interconnected with a central circulation court 6m wide separate entrance for VIP and physically handicapped are also present.
Firstly, Harappan civilization, Maurya, Gupta, Terracotta, Bronze, Medieval art, Buddhist art, Jewellery, decorative art, miniature painting, these galleries are on the Ground floor.
Secondly, Coins, Indian wall painting, manuscript, Ajanta painting, Thanjavur painting, these galleries are at first floor.
Also, Textile, western art, wood carving, tribal art, music instrument, these galleries are at second floor.
- Underground fire-tank
- The conservation lab is on the 2nd floor,
- Common storage,
- A.C plan room,
- Electricals are in the basement.
Each display has its own focused light, diffused light. They are in false ceilings or hanged by steel sections. There is no use of natural light inside the museum. As a result, artificial lighting is done with daylight exhibits kept to a minimum. The use of natural lighting is only in the center circulation court. Well played with focused lights with the use of concave and convex lenses in different places. In the jewelry section, the gallery is dark and pockets are with minimal lighting. Hence, the whole structure is based around the central rotunda which lights up the entire corridor.
All the Galleries are in Closed Space ThereforeBinding Oneself to Reach on Every Display. Main Corridor is approx. 6 mt wide all along the O.T.S.Galleries are mostly Rectangular in shape. The staircase is Provided for Vertical Circulation. Height Varies From 2.4 to 3.5 meter.
Haphazard circulative movement, the shape of the room is itself useful in the display. Linear arrangements along the corridors, some paintings are boxed inside the walls, while most of them are hanged on walls, display to display distance is 3.5 m to 4 m, each display has its own focussed light, diffuse light, lights are used in false ceilings or hanged by steel section, no natural light is used inside the museum. interiors are done with the help of wood, glass, and stone. In addition, the columns which are obstacle as displays. The flooring is of marble and wood. Ther is a different wall color and renderings to avoid monotony.
About the structure:
The building is a trabeated structure using high-strength R.C.C & red sandstone. Flat slab with drop beam used in building. Floor to floor height is approx 4m. All external facades have finished yellow paint, sandstone, and red sandstone. There are plasters and colors in all internal walls according to the theme. Exhibition areas have fascinating False ceilings. All floor finish are terrazzo, wooden, tiles & rubber flooring. Interiors are of wood, glass, stone. Aluminum is also in many sections such as bronze and coin galleries. Temporary structures are also provided around the building.
Observations at National Museum in New Delhi – Largest Museum of India
Separate entrance for VIP. Stone sculptures are places around the building. There is 3 front entry in the building but only 1 in use due to security purpose. A loose movement system is provided in the building. Museum shop and institute is an additional advantage. Seating arrangements have been made for the visitors to observe the object of interest on display. The placements of toilets are not proper in the building. No extra firefighting stairs in the building. No natural light used in the exhibition area. The museum has its galleries rotating around an open courtyard, no views are provided. Sculpture in the central gallery is not visible properly due to glare from the back.